Cranial Conditions

Brain Tumors

Brain Tumors

Brain tumors can be classified in a lot of different ways. Read about some of them here:

What is a Tumor?

A tumor in the brain forms due to uncontrollable cell multiplication, resulting in abnormal growth. These growths can disrupt the brain’s normal functions by applying pressure, obstructing structures, or harming nerves and tissue.

Brain tumors are typically categorized by their origin or growth pattern. Primary tumors start at the site of origin and rarely spread, while metastatic tumors spread from their original location.

Regarding growth rate, tumors are classified as benign or malignant. Malignant tumors, being cancerous, persist and can become life-threatening, while benign tumors grow slower and are usually treatable but can still cause issues if untreated.

Causes of Brain Tumors

Tumors arise from abnormal cell division, often due to mutations in tumor suppressor genes or malfunctioning oncogenes. The body’s defense mechanisms may struggle to recognize and eliminate these abnormal cells, allowing tumors to develop.

Certain factors like radiation exposure or genetic disorders can contribute to tumor development, though many risk factors remain unknown.

Symptoms of Brain Tumors

Symptoms vary based on tumor type, size, and location. Common signs include headaches, seizures, personality or behavior changes, cognitive difficulties, increased sleeping time, motor or sensory loss, speech problems, and visual changes.

Diagnosis of Tumors

Neurological exams assess mental and physical functions, followed by imaging studies like MRI or CT scans and possibly biopsy to confirm the tumor’s presence.

Treatment Options for Brain Tumors

Treatment depends on tumor growth and symptoms. Conservative approaches may involve close monitoring with periodic imaging, while aggressive tumors may require surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy, often involving a craniotomy for biopsy or surgical removal.

All information provided on this website is for information purposes only. Please see a healthcare professional for medical advice. If you are seeking this information in an emergency situation, please call 911 and seek emergency help.